Jennifer Loewenstein Archive


Interesting to read...
On Nov. 29, 1947, the U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution calling for
the partitioning of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
Proposal Driven Through by U.S. and Soviet Will Set Up Two States
Britain Holds Out Hand to It - Arabs Fail in Last-Minute Resort to Federal
Arabs See U.N. 'Murdered,' Disavow Any Partition Role: Angry Delegates
Stalk From Assembly Hall
Zioninst Audience Joyful After Vote
he United Nations General Assembly approved yesterday a proposal to
partition Palestine into two states, one Arab and the other Jewish, that are
to become fully independent by Oct.1. The vote was 33 to 13 with two
abstentions and one delegation, the Siamese, absent.
The decision was primarily a result of the fact that the delegations of the
United States and the Soviet Union, which were at loggerheads on every other
important issue before the Assembly, stood together on partition. Andrei A.
Gromyko and Herschel V. Johnson both urged the Assembly yesterday not to
agree to further delay but to vote for partition at once.
The Assembly disregarded last minute Arab efforts to effect a compromise.
Although the votes of a dozen or more delegations see-sawed to the last,
supporters of partition had two votes more than the required two-thirds
majority, or a margin of three.
How Members Voted
The roll-call vote was as follows: For (33) - Australia, Belgium, Bolivia,
Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Haiti, Iceland, Liberia, Luxembourg, the
Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru
Philippines, Poland, Sweden, Ukraine, South Africa, Uruguay, the Soviet
Union, the United States, Venezuela, White Russia.
Against (13) - Afghanistan, Cuba, Egypt, Greece, India, Iran, Iraq,
Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Yemen.
Abstentions (10) - Argentina, Chile, China, Colombia, El Salvador,
Ethiopia, Honduras, Mexico, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia.
Absent (1) - Siam.
All other questions before the Assembly were disposed of a week ago, and it
ended its second regular session at 6:57 P.M. after farewell speeches by Dr.
Oswaldo Aranha, its President, and Trygve Lie, the Secretary General. The
Assembly's third regular session is to open in a European capital on Sept.
The vote on partition was taken at 5:35 P. M. Representatives of Iraq,
Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Yemen, four of the six Arab member states,
announced that they would not be bound by the Assembly's decision and walked
determinedly out of the Assembly Hall at Flushing Meadow. The Egyptian and
Lebanese delegates were silent but walked out, too...
The United Nations commission which will be responsible to the Security
Council in the event that the Arabs carry out their threats to fight rather
than agree to partition, will be composed of representatives of Bolivia,
Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Panama and the Philippines.
This state, which is understood to have the backing of the United States,
was proposed by Dr. Aranha and approved without opposition after the Arab
delegates had walked out...
U.S. Efforts Praised
The United States delegation played its part in persuading the delegate in
question not to present the motion for recommittal, and supporters of
partition agreed that, after long hesitation, it had sincerely done its best
to obtain Assembly approval of partition.
It was still difficult to account for the fact that Greece, which otherwise
followed United States leadership throughout the long Assembly, voted
against partition and that some Latin American countries abstained.
Britain, which brought the Palestine question before the Assembly last
March, abstained on all votes in the Palestine committee and in poling on
the issue in the Assembly.
It was expected that had the Assembly failed to reach a decision the United
States would have asked Britain to stay on in Palestine. Sir Alexander's
statement after the decision was taken was welcomed as being more
cooperative than previous ones. It was generally expected that the United
States and Britain would now agree on a working arrangement to facilitate
the commission's work....

Jennifer Loewenstein